Essential Scientifc Objectives

The backbone of the Action is currently created by 30 groups coming from 20 COST countries whose expertise principally covers all key theoretical, experimental and practical aspects of scientific and technological development related to Biochar issues

1. Biochar production and characteristics

  • Systematize essential knowledge to optimize Biochar production (“”designer Biochars”) with regard to its properties and effects, considering the large range of suitable biomass, energy and mass balances, cost efficiency and Biochar quality.
  • Develop an EU road map to produce 140 million tons of Biochar annually by processing 500 million tons of organic residues, offsetting 10% of the   European fossil fuel use.
  • Systematize and integrate knowledge to identify the most beneficial Biochar use strategies in agriculture across various European regions and climates, identifying the most promising applications.

2. Environmental impact (benefits vs. risks)

  • Identify a comprehensive strategy for the most efficient use of Biochar to maintain and improve C sequestration and soil fertility.
  • Evaluate potential threats accompanying the use of Biochar in soils. According to the European Community Regulation on chemicals and their safe use (REACH), safetyinformation on Biochar will deal with toxic compounds (i.e. PAHs, heavy metals) and their effects on plant, animal and human health (e.g. genotoxicity) and effects on GHG emissions (i.e. N2O, CH4, CO2).
  • Evaluate potential benefits in detoxification strategies where Biochar is used to adsorb organic pollutants or heavy metals in soils or animal feed
  • Systematize current risks vs. benefits understanding to put forward “best practice” recommendations in preparation for legislation requirements.

3. Knowledge expansion and handling

  • Provide target group-specific recommendations on how to use the knowledge provided about Biochar efficiently,
  • Identify common (EU) R&D targets with respect to Biochar aspects,
  • Promote public information transfer to enable use of state-of-the art knowledge.